Feminism: Between Theory and Practice - Final exam Maximize

Feminism: Between Theory and Practice - Final exam

Feminism: Between Theory and Practice - Final exam

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If Aristotle were alive today, I think the way his understanding of formal equality is used in the U.S. would be critical.
Formal Equality: When two persons have equal status in at least one normatively relevant respect, they must be treated equally with regard to this respect.This is the generally accepted formal equality principle that Aristotle formulated in reference to Plato: "treat like cases as like" (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, V.3. 1131a10-b15; Politics, III.9.1280 a8-15, III. 12. 1282b18-23). Of course the crucial question is which respects are normatively relevant and which are not. Some authors see this formal principle of equality as a specific application of a rule of rationality: it is irrational, because inconsistent, to treat equal cases unequally without sufficient reasons (Berlin 1955-56). Aristotle stress that what is here at stake is a moral principle of justice, basically corresponding with acknowledgment of the impartial and universalizable nature of moral judgments. Namely, the postulate of formal equality demands more than consistency with one's subjective preferences. What is more important is possible justification vis-à-vis others of the equal or unequal treatment in question — and this on the sole basis of a situation's objective features.
Traditional equality employed the Aristotelian notion of equality--that is, the treatment of likes alike, unlikes unalike.